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San Francisco was established in 1776  by the Spanish with a fort at the Golden Gate and setup a mission for Francis of Assisi on the site.  In 1848 the Gold Rush swept through California and grew the cities population from 1,000 to 25,000 in just one year turning it into the largest city on the west coast.  3/4 of San Francisco was destroyed in the great quake in 1906.

During World War 2 it was the embarkation port for US service members shipping out to fight the Japanese in the Pacific.  But due to massive immigration and returning service men the area turned into a centre of liberalism and activism that lead to the Summer of Love and the gay rights movement.

The weather of San Francisco is more chracteristic of a coolish Mediterranean summer climate as the weather is strongly influenced by the cool currents of the Pacific ocean.  Surrounded on 3 sides by water the bay area has moderate temperature swings and a mild year-round climate with little seasonal temperature variations.

San Francisco does feature a number of distinct micro-climates due to its maritime influences and sharp topography.  San Francisco is sunny with an average of 260 clear days a year and the rainy period runs from November to April.